Accessibility

From Web Accessibility Group
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Laws and Guidelines

  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    • Civil Rights Law
    • U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ), Office of Civil Rights (OCR)
    • Covers places of public accommodation
    • Courts have ruled intent of ADA includes the internet
  • Section 503
    • Civil Rights Law
    • Rehabilitation Act, as amended
    • U.S. Department of Labor (DoL)
    • Refrain from discrimination in employment, including contractors and subcontractors hired to do work for you
  • Section 504
    • Civil Rights Law
    • U.S. Department of Education (DoE)
    • Applies to colleges, universities, trade schools
    • No otherwise qualified individual with a disability shall (by reason of his/her disability) be excluded from participation in, denied benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any program or activity
  • Section 508
    • Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998
    • U.S. Access Board
    • Electronic, information and communications technology must be equally accessible to people with and without disabilities
    • Section 508 Refresh underway; expected to "incorporate by reference" WCAG 2.0
  • Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (CVAA)
    • Telecommunications law
    • Communications Act of 1934, updated for 21st century technologies
    • Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
    • Video previously broadcast on television with closed captions must also be closed captioned when delivered over the internet
  • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0
    • International guidelines, best practices
    • World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
    • Explains how to make web content more accessible to people with disabilities