MOOC:ICT Accessibility

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ICT Accessibility

Lead Instructor: Christopher Lee

Accessible electronic Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are emerging requirements for private, governmental and nonprofit entities. With Section 508, the 1998 amendment to the Rehabilitation Act, the United States Congress now requires that all Federal agencies make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities. The purpose of this learning module is to identify and explain these technologies, and to discuss their origins and how they have developed. We will also explore the future possibilities of electronic information and communication accessibility and how these technologies impact individuals with disabilities and those entities which serve and employee them.

By the end of this module, you should be able to do the following:

  • Learning Objectives
    • To explain the definition of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    • To discuss the concept of "ICT Accessibility” as related to this course.
    • To formulate and interpret how the ICT has impacted individuals with disabilities.
    • To describe how ICT impacts private, governmental, and nonprofit entities.

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
What is ICT? Terms
Business Cases G3ICT Publication
Accessibility Challenges Introduction of Profiles
Organizational Roles ICT

ICT Accessibility Design

Lead Instructor: Arthur Murphy

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
Guidelines and Standards Terms
Information Architecture
Sample Solutions

Mainstream and Assistive Technology

Lead Instructor: Carolyn Phillips

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
Mainstream Technologies and Universal Access Assistive Technology Terms
AT/UD Business Case Integration Microsoft and Apple Accessibility Features and Tools
AT Laws and Policies

Engineering Accessible Content

Lead Instructors: Norah Sinclair and Tessa Greenleaf

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
What is Content Engineering? Terms
What is Accessible Digital Content?
Types of Digital Content
Content Accessibility: Word, PDFs, and PowerPoint
Captioning and Video Transcription

Web Accessibility Evaluation and Design

Lead Instructor: Adelle Frank

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
Web Accessibility Terms
Accessible Web Architecture
Development Guidelines and Standards
Accessible Web Evaluation Tools

Starting and Maintaining an Enterprise Accessibility Operation

Lead Instructor: William Curtis

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
Accessibility Organizations and Challenges Terms
Operational Model
Centralized Center

Course Terms

  • Accessibility: Accessibility describes the degree to which an environment, service, or product allows access by as many people as possible, in particular people with disabilities.
  • AT: Assistive Technology. In the context of ICT, AT provides access to and provides services beyond those offered by the ICT in use to meet the requirements of users with disabilities.
  • Disability: Refers to impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, denoting the negative aspects of the interaction between an individual (with a health condition) and that individual’s contextual factors (environ- mental and personal factors).
  • ICF: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
  • ICT: Information and Communication Technology
  • Inclusive education: Education which is based on the right of all learners to a quality education that meets basic learning needs and enriches lives. Focusing particularly on vulnerable and marginalized groups, it seeks to develop the full potential of every individual. Inclusive Education ensures that “persons with disabilities are not excluded from the general education system on the basis of disability, and that children with disabilities are not excluded from free and compulsory primary education, or from secondary education, on the basis of disability” (Art. 24, CRPD)
  • Inclusive society: One that freely accommodates any person with a disability without restrictions or limitations.
  • INGO: International Non-Governmental Organization
  • NGO: Non-Governmental Organization
  • OS: Operating system (e.g. Windows, Mac OS, Linux)
  • PDF: Portable Document Format
  • Screen-reader software: An assistive technology potentially useful to people who are blind, visually impaired, illiterate, or have specific learning difficulties. *Screen-readers attempt to identify and interpret what is being displayed on the screen and represent to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device.
  • UD: Universal Design means the design of products, environments, programmes and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. “Universal design” shall not exclude assistive devices for particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed.
  • UN: United Nations
  • UN CRPD:United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  • UNESCO:United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • VLE: Virtual Learning Environment
  • WSIS: World Summit on the Information Society