Difference between revisions of "MOOC:ICT Accessibility"

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__TOC__
 
__TOC__
  
==ICT Accessibility History and Future==
+
<br/>[[File:Ict.jpg|border|left|User selects enter key on laptop keyboard.|alt=User selects enter key on laptop keyboard.]] <div style="text-align: right; direction: ltr; margin-left: 1em;">
  
Lead Instructor: Christopher Lee
 
  
<table cellpadding="5" summary="ICT Accessibility History and Future" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;">
 
<tr style="background: #e6EEEE;">
 
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lesson Segment</th>
 
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lessons and Descriptions</th>
 
  <th align="left" width="50%">Teaching Tools</th>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
  <td valign="top">What is ICT?</td>
 
  <td valign="top">Terms</td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 
  </td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
 
  <td valign="top">Business Cases</td>
 
  <td valign="top">G3ICT Publication</td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 
  </td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
  <td valign="top">Accessibility Challenges</td>
 
  <td valign="top">Introduction of Profiles</td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 
  </td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
 
  <td valign="top">Organizational Roles</td>
 
  <td valign="top">ICT</td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 
  </td>
 
</tr>
 
</table>
 
  
  
==ICT Accessibility Design==
 
  
Lead Instructor: Arthur Murphy
 
  
<table cellpadding="5" summary="ICT Accessibility Design" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;">
 
<tr style="background: #e6EEEE;">
 
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lesson Segment</th>
 
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lessons and Descriptions</th>
 
  <th align="left" width="50%">Teaching Tools</th>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
  <td valign="top">Guidelines and Standards</td>
 
  <td valign="top">Terms</td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 
  </td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
 
  <td valign="top">Information Architecture</td>
 
  <td valign="top"></td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 
  </td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
  <td valign="top">Evaluations</td>
 
  <td valign="top"></td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 
  </td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
 
  <td valign="top">Sample Solutions</td>
 
  <td valign="top"></td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 
  </td>
 
</tr>
 
</table>
 
  
  
==Mainstream and Assistive Technology==
 
  
Lead Instructor: Carolyn Phillips
 
  
<table cellpadding="5" summary="Mainstream and Assistive Technology" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;">
 
<tr style="background: #e6EEEE;">
 
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lesson Segment</th>
 
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lessons and Descriptions</th>
 
  <th align="left" width="50%">Teaching Tools</th>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
  <td valign="top">Mainstream Technologies and Universal Access Assistive Technology</td>
 
  <td valign="top">Terms</td>
 
  <td valign="top">
 
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
 
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
<br/>
  </td>
+
</div>
</tr>
+
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
+
  <td valign="top">AT/UD Business Case Integration</td>
+
  <td valign="top">Microsoft and Apple Accessibility Features and Tools</td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
== ICT Accessibility==
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
  <td valign="top">Text-To-Speech</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
Lead Instructor: Christopher Lee
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
+
  <td valign="top">AT Laws and Policies</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
Accessible electronic Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are emerging requirements for  private, governmental and nonprofit entities. With Section 508, the 1998 amendment to the Rehabilitation Act, the United States Congress now requires that all Federal agencies make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities. The purpose of this learning module is to identify and explain these technologies, and to discuss their origins and how they have developed. We will also explore the future possibilities of electronic information and communication accessibility and how these technologies impact individuals with disabilities and those entities which serve and employee them.
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
</table>
+
  
 +
By the end of this module, you should be able to do the following:
  
==Engineering Accessible Content==
+
*Learning Objectives
 +
**To explain the definition of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
 +
**To discuss the concept of "ICT Accessibility” as related to this course.
 +
**To formulate and interpret how the ICT has impacted individuals with disabilities.
 +
**To describe how ICT impacts private, governmental, and nonprofit entities.
  
Lead Instructors: Norah Sinclair and Tessa Greenleaf
 
  
<table cellpadding="5" summary="Engineering Accessible Content" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;">
+
{| cellpadding="5" summary="ICT Accessibility History and Future" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;"
<tr style="background: #e6EEEE;">
+
|- style="background: #e6EEEE;"
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lesson Segment</th>
+
! align="left" width="25%" | Lesson Segment
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lessons and Descriptions</th>
+
! align="left" width="25%" | Lessons and Descriptions
  <th align="left" width="50%">Teaching Tools</th>
+
! align="left" width="50%" | Teaching Tools
</tr>
+
|-
<tr>
+
| valign="top" | What is ICT?
  <td valign="top">What is Content Engineering?</td>
+
| valign="top" | Terms
  <td valign="top">Terms</td>
+
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
  <td valign="top">
+
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
| valign="top" | Business Cases
 +
| valign="top" | G3ICT Publication
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Accessibility Challenges
 +
| valign="top" | Introduction of Profiles
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | Organizational Roles
 +
| valign="top" | ICT
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|}
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
<br/>
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
+
  <td valign="top">What is Accessible Digital Content?</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
== ICT Accessibility Design ==
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
  <td valign="top">Types of Digital Content</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
Lead Instructor: Arthur Murphy
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
+
  <td valign="top">Content Accessibility: Word, PDFs, and PowerPoint</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->  
+
{| cellpadding="5" summary="ICT Accessibility Design" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;"
  </td>
+
|- style="background: #e6EEEE;"
</tr>
+
! align="left" width="25%" | Lesson Segment
<tr>
+
! align="left" width="25%" | Lessons and Descriptions
  <td valign="top">Captioning and Video Transcription</td>
+
! align="left" width="50%" | Teaching Tools
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
|-
  <td valign="top">
+
| valign="top" | Guidelines and Standards
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
| valign="top" | Terms
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | Information Architecture
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Evaluations
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | Sample Solutions
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|}
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
<br/>
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
</table>
+
  
 +
== Mainstream and Assistive Technology ==
  
==Web Accessibility Evaluation and Design==
+
Lead Instructor: Carolyn Phillips
  
Lead Instructor: Adelle Frank
+
{| cellpadding="5" summary="Mainstream and Assistive Technology" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;"
 +
|- style="background: #e6EEEE;"
 +
! align="left" width="25%" | Lesson Segment
 +
! align="left" width="25%" | Lessons and Descriptions
 +
! align="left" width="50%" | Teaching Tools
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Mainstream Technologies and Universal Access Assistive Technology
 +
| valign="top" | Terms
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | AT/UD Business Case Integration
 +
| valign="top" | Microsoft and Apple Accessibility Features and Tools
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Text-To-Speech
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | AT Laws and Policies
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|}
  
<table cellpadding="5" summary="Web Accessibility Evaluation and Design" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;">
+
<br/>
<tr style="background: #e6EEEE;">
+
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lesson Segment</th>
+
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lessons and Descriptions</th>
+
  <th align="left" width="50%">Teaching Tools</th>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
  <td valign="top">Web Accessibility</td>
+
  <td valign="top">Terms</td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
== Engineering Accessible Content ==
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
+
  <td valign="top">Accessible Web Architecture</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
Lead Instructors: Norah Sinclair and Tessa Greenleaf
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
  <td valign="top">Development Guidelines and Standards</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->  
+
{| cellpadding="5" summary="Engineering Accessible Content" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;"
  </td>
+
|- style="background: #e6EEEE;"
</tr>
+
! align="left" width="25%" | Lesson Segment
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
+
! align="left" width="25%" | Lessons and Descriptions
  <td valign="top">Accessible Web Evaluation Tools</td>
+
! align="left" width="50%" | Teaching Tools
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
|-
  <td valign="top">
+
| valign="top" | What is Content Engineering?
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
| valign="top" | Terms
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | What is Accessible Digital Content?
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Types of Digital Content
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | Content Accessibility: Word, PDFs, and PowerPoint
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Captioning and Video Transcription
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|}
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
<br/>
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
</table>
+
  
 +
== Web Accessibility Evaluation and Design ==
  
==Starting and Maintaining an Enterprise Accessibility Operation==
+
Lead Instructor: Adelle Frank
  
Lead Instructor: William Curtis
+
{| cellpadding="5" summary="Web Accessibility Evaluation and Design" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;"
 +
|- style="background: #e6EEEE;"
 +
! align="left" width="25%" | Lesson Segment
 +
! align="left" width="25%" | Lessons and Descriptions
 +
! align="left" width="50%" | Teaching Tools
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Web Accessibility
 +
| valign="top" | Terms
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | Accessible Web Architecture
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Development Guidelines and Standards
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | Accessible Web Evaluation Tools
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|}
  
<table cellpadding="5" summary="Starting and Maintaining an Enterprise Accessibility Operation" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;">
+
<br/>
<tr style="background: #e6EEEE;">
+
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lesson Segment</th>
+
  <th align="left" width="25%">Lessons and Descriptions</th>
+
  <th align="left" width="50%">Teaching Tools</th>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
  <td valign="top">Accessibility Organizations and Challenges</td>
+
  <td valign="top">Terms</td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
== Starting and Maintaining an Enterprise Accessibility Operation ==
  </td>
+
 
</tr>
+
Lead Instructor: William Curtis
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
+
  <td valign="top">Evaluation</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
{| cellpadding="5" summary="Starting and Maintaining an Enterprise Accessibility Operation" style="border: 1px solid #cccccc; width: 100%;"
  </td>
+
|- style="background: #e6EEEE;"
</tr>
+
! align="left" width="25%" | Lesson Segment
<tr>
+
! align="left" width="25%" | Lessons and Descriptions
  <td valign="top">Operational Model</td>
+
! align="left" width="50%" | Teaching Tools
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
|-
  <td valign="top">
+
| valign="top" | Accessibility Organizations and Challenges
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
| valign="top" | Terms
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | Evaluation
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" | Operational Model
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|- style="background: #f0f0f0;"
 +
| valign="top" | Centralized Center
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
| valign="top" | <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line --><!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
 +
|}
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
<br/>
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr style="background: #f0f0f0;">
+
  <td valign="top">Centralized Center</td>
+
  <td valign="top"></td>
+
  <td valign="top">
+
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources below this line -->
+
  
  <!-- insert teaching tools or resources above this line -->
+
= Course Terms =
  </td>
+
*Accessibility: Accessibility describes the degree to which an environment, service, or product allows access by as many people as possible, in particular people with disabilities.
</tr>
+
*AT: Assistive Technology. In the context of ICT, AT provides access to and provides services beyond those offered by the ICT in use to meet the requirements of users with disabilities.
</table>
+
*Disability: Refers to impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, denoting the negative aspects of the interaction between an individual (with a health condition) and that individual’s contextual factors (environ- mental and personal factors).
 +
*ICF: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
 +
*ICT: Information and Communication Technology
 +
*Inclusive education: Education which is based on the right of all learners to a quality education that meets basic learning needs and enriches lives. Focusing particularly on vulnerable and marginalized groups, it seeks to develop the full potential of every individual. Inclusive Education ensures that “persons with disabilities are not excluded from the general education system on the basis of disability, and that children with disabilities are not excluded from free and compulsory primary education, or from secondary education, on the basis of disability” (Art. 24, CRPD)
 +
*Inclusive society: One that freely accommodates any person with a disability without restrictions or limitations.
 +
*INGO: International Non-Governmental Organization
 +
*NGO: Non-Governmental Organization
 +
*OS: Operating system (e.g. Windows, Mac OS, Linux)
 +
*PDF: Portable Document Format
 +
*Screen-reader software: An assistive technology potentially useful to people who are blind, visually impaired, illiterate, or have specific learning difficulties. *Screen-readers attempt to identify and interpret what is being displayed on the screen and represent to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device.
 +
*UD: Universal Design means the design of products, environments, programmes and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. “Universal design” shall not exclude assistive devices for particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed.
 +
*UN: United Nations
 +
*UN CRPD:United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
 +
*UNESCO:United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
 +
*VLE: Virtual Learning Environment
 +
*WSIS: World Summit on the Information Society
  
 +
  
[[Category: MOOC]]
+
[[Category:MOOC]]

Latest revision as of 09:31, 21 July 2014


User selects enter key on laptop keyboard.











ICT Accessibility

Lead Instructor: Christopher Lee

Accessible electronic Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are emerging requirements for private, governmental and nonprofit entities. With Section 508, the 1998 amendment to the Rehabilitation Act, the United States Congress now requires that all Federal agencies make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities. The purpose of this learning module is to identify and explain these technologies, and to discuss their origins and how they have developed. We will also explore the future possibilities of electronic information and communication accessibility and how these technologies impact individuals with disabilities and those entities which serve and employee them.

By the end of this module, you should be able to do the following:

  • Learning Objectives
    • To explain the definition of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    • To discuss the concept of "ICT Accessibility” as related to this course.
    • To formulate and interpret how the ICT has impacted individuals with disabilities.
    • To describe how ICT impacts private, governmental, and nonprofit entities.


Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
What is ICT? Terms
Business Cases G3ICT Publication
Accessibility Challenges Introduction of Profiles
Organizational Roles ICT


ICT Accessibility Design

Lead Instructor: Arthur Murphy

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
Guidelines and Standards Terms
Information Architecture
Evaluations
Sample Solutions


Mainstream and Assistive Technology

Lead Instructor: Carolyn Phillips

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
Mainstream Technologies and Universal Access Assistive Technology Terms
AT/UD Business Case Integration Microsoft and Apple Accessibility Features and Tools
Text-To-Speech
AT Laws and Policies


Engineering Accessible Content

Lead Instructors: Norah Sinclair and Tessa Greenleaf

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
What is Content Engineering? Terms
What is Accessible Digital Content?
Types of Digital Content
Content Accessibility: Word, PDFs, and PowerPoint
Captioning and Video Transcription


Web Accessibility Evaluation and Design

Lead Instructor: Adelle Frank

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
Web Accessibility Terms
Accessible Web Architecture
Development Guidelines and Standards
Accessible Web Evaluation Tools


Starting and Maintaining an Enterprise Accessibility Operation

Lead Instructor: William Curtis

Lesson Segment Lessons and Descriptions Teaching Tools
Accessibility Organizations and Challenges Terms
Evaluation
Operational Model
Centralized Center


Course Terms

  • Accessibility: Accessibility describes the degree to which an environment, service, or product allows access by as many people as possible, in particular people with disabilities.
  • AT: Assistive Technology. In the context of ICT, AT provides access to and provides services beyond those offered by the ICT in use to meet the requirements of users with disabilities.
  • Disability: Refers to impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, denoting the negative aspects of the interaction between an individual (with a health condition) and that individual’s contextual factors (environ- mental and personal factors).
  • ICF: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
  • ICT: Information and Communication Technology
  • Inclusive education: Education which is based on the right of all learners to a quality education that meets basic learning needs and enriches lives. Focusing particularly on vulnerable and marginalized groups, it seeks to develop the full potential of every individual. Inclusive Education ensures that “persons with disabilities are not excluded from the general education system on the basis of disability, and that children with disabilities are not excluded from free and compulsory primary education, or from secondary education, on the basis of disability” (Art. 24, CRPD)
  • Inclusive society: One that freely accommodates any person with a disability without restrictions or limitations.
  • INGO: International Non-Governmental Organization
  • NGO: Non-Governmental Organization
  • OS: Operating system (e.g. Windows, Mac OS, Linux)
  • PDF: Portable Document Format
  • Screen-reader software: An assistive technology potentially useful to people who are blind, visually impaired, illiterate, or have specific learning difficulties. *Screen-readers attempt to identify and interpret what is being displayed on the screen and represent to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device.
  • UD: Universal Design means the design of products, environments, programmes and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. “Universal design” shall not exclude assistive devices for particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed.
  • UN: United Nations
  • UN CRPD:United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  • UNESCO:United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • VLE: Virtual Learning Environment
  • WSIS: World Summit on the Information Society